By Steven Astley, Partner

The European Championships are about to start, and if our national team is successful we will be singing about how football might be coming home. However, one thing that will not be coming home in to the 2024/2025 football season, is heading the ball for a lot of children. In a bold and forward-thinking move, the Football Association (FA) is set to implement a ban on heading the ball in football for children under the age of 12, starting from the 2024/2025 season. This decision comes in response to growing concerns about the long-term health implications of repeated head impacts in young athletes. While this change will inevitably alter certain aspects of the game, it prioritises the well-being of young players and reflects an evolving understanding of sports-related health risks.

In short, heading in U7-U11 youth grassroots football matches is to be phased out over the next three seasons following an IFAB trial.

I have seen in my practice at GLP Solicitors head related trauma in young footballers come from two main sources. Firstly, what I would call the direct and more obvious trauma (elbows to the head, clashes with advertising hoardings and so on). Secondly, the subtlety of indirect trauma from repeated head impacts (mostly repeated heading). Each can be devastating if not managed correctly, therefore the attempt to mitigate the impact of head injury should always be a priority and welcomed.   

Health implications: The driving force behind the ban

The primary motivation behind the FA’s decision is the mounting evidence linking repetitive heading of the ball to potential cognitive and neurological issues later in life. Research has shown that even sub-concussive impacts, common in heading, can accumulate over time, leading to chronic traumatic encephalopathy (CTE), a condition found in individuals with a history of repetitive brain trauma. Young players, whose brains are still developing, are particularly vulnerable to these impacts. The FA’s proactive approach aims to mitigate these risks, safeguarding the long-term health of children.

Concerns of brain injury in children’s sports

Concerns about brain injury in children’s sports are multifaceted and have garnered significant attention from medical professionals, sports organisations, and parents. These concerns primarily revolve around the potential for both acute and long-term effects of brain trauma, which can impact a child’s development and overall health. Here are the main concerns:

 1. Acute Brain Injuries


  • Definition: A concussion is a type of traumatic brain injury caused by a blow to the head or a violent shaking of the head and body.
  • Symptoms: Symptoms can include headaches, dizziness, confusion, memory problems, and loss of consciousness. These symptoms can last from a few days to several weeks or longer.
  • Diagnosis and Management: Concussions can be difficult to diagnose because symptoms may not appear immediately. Proper management requires immediate removal from play, medical evaluation, and a gradual return to activities following medical clearance.

Second Impact Syndrome (SIS):

  • Definition: This occurs when a child suffers a second concussion before the symptoms from an earlier one have subsided. The second impact can cause rapid and severe brain swelling.
  • Risks: SIS is rare but can be fatal or lead to severe disability. It highlights the importance of proper concussion management and adequate recovery time.

2. Long-Term Brain Health Concerns

Chronic Traumatic Encephalopathy (CTE):

  • Definition: CTE is a progressive degenerative disease found in individuals with a history of repetitive brain trauma, including concussions and sub-concussive hits.
  • Symptoms: Symptoms can include memory loss, confusion, impaired judgment, aggression, depression, anxiety, and progressive dementia. CTE can only be definitively diagnosed posthumously.

Cognitive and Developmental Issues:

  • Impact on Learning: Repeated head injuries can affect cognitive functions such as attention, memory, and executive function, potentially impacting academic performance.
  • Behavioural Changes: Children who suffer from repeated brain injuries may exhibit changes in behaviour, including increased irritability, mood swings, and difficulties with impulse control.

3. Vulnerability of Developing Brains

Developmental Sensitivity:

  • Physical Susceptibility: Children’s brains are still developing, making them more susceptible to injury. The structures that support the brain, such as the neck and musculature, are not fully developed, increasing the risk of injury.
  • Long-Term Impact: Injuries to a developing brain can have more profound and long-lasting effects compared to adults, potentially disrupting normal brain development.

4. Psychological and Emotional Impact

Fear and Anxiety:

  • Emotional Trauma: The experience of a significant injury can lead to fear and anxiety about returning to play or participating in sports.
  • Parental Concerns: Parents may become overly protective or anxious about their children’s participation in sports, potentially limiting the child’s physical activity and social interactions.

Changes to the Game

Banning heading will necessitate adjustments in both training and gameplay. Coaches and players will need to adapt to a style of football that emphasises ground play, dribbling, and short passes.

There are several ways to tackle the problem, but the challenge starts with preventative measures and education.

Awareness and Training:

  • Education: Increasing awareness among coaches, parents, and players about the signs and symptoms of concussions and the importance of proper management is crucial.
  • Protective Equipment: While helmets and other protective gear can reduce the risk of head injuries, they do not eliminate the risk of concussions. Proper use and advancements in equipment design are important.

Rule Changes and Regulations:

  • Safety Protocols: Implementing and enforcing safety protocols, such as the FA’s ban on heading in youth football, can significantly reduce the risk of brain injuries.
  • Training Modifications: Adjusting training methods to minimize head impacts and promote safer playing techniques.

Here are some anticipated changes you can expect to see in grassroots from U11 and below:

1. Training Routines: Training sessions should shift any focus from aerial drills to developing skills such as ball control, passing accuracy, and tactical awareness. This could lead to a generation of players with exceptional technical abilities and a stronger understanding of ground-based tactics.

2. Gameplay Dynamics: Matches will see fewer long balls and aerial duels, with teams likely favouring a possession-based style of play. This could result in a more fluid and less fragmented game, emphasising creativity and teamwork.

a) A new touchline restart law will be introduced to phase in dribble-ins and pass-ins in place of throw-ins. 

b) Heading the ball will result in an indirect free kick, unless the header is in the penalty area, in which case it will be moved to the edge of the area nearest.

3. Coaching Strategies: Coaches will need to devise new strategies that maximise ground play and minimise the need for heading. This could lead to innovative tactics and formations, potentially revolutionising youth football.

4. Defensive Techniques: Defenders, traditionally reliant on heading to clear crosses and long balls, will need to develop alternative methods. Anticipation, positioning, and the ability to intercept passes on the ground will become crucial defensive skills.

Long-Term Benefits

While these changes may pose initial challenges, the long-term benefits are significant:

1. Enhanced Player Safety: By eliminating heading, the risk of head injuries and their associated long-term consequences is greatly reduced. This ensures a safer environment for young players to develop their skills.

2. Skill Development: Players will likely become more proficient in technical aspects of the game, such as dribbling, passing, and ball control. This can lead to a more aesthetically pleasing and technically advanced style of football.

3. Increased Participation: Parents concerned about the safety of contact sports may be more inclined to allow their children to participate in football, potentially increasing the sport’s popularity and participation rates.

4. Progressive Approach: The FA’s decision positions it as a leader in athlete safety, setting a precedent that other football associations worldwide may follow. This progressive stance reflects a commitment to evolving the sport in line with contemporary medical understanding and research.


The FA’s impending ban on heading the ball in youth football is a transformative step towards prioritising the health and safety of young players. While it will undoubtedly alter the way the game is played and coached, these changes are necessary to protect the well-being of children. By fostering a safer and more technically skilled generation of players, this decision not only addresses immediate health concerns but also holds the potential to enhance the overall quality and enjoyment of the sport. As football continues to evolve, the well-being of its youngest participants remains paramount, and this ban is a significant stride in the right direction and ultimately for the benefit of our national team.

GLP Solicitors, we are here to help you

We understand the profound impact that brain injuries can have on the lives of young athletes and their families. Our team of experienced solicitors specialises in personal injury claims, offering compassionate and expert guidance throughout the compensation process.

At GLP Solicitors, we ensure that our clients receive the maximum compensation they are entitled to, covering medical expenses, rehabilitation costs, and future care needs. We strive to alleviate the financial burden on families and help young football players focus on their recovery and future aspirations.

Contact us today for more!

Call us: 0800 138 6061

Email us:

If you liked this article, try reading “How a head injury impact a person’s life?”


1. England Football. “Heading in Football.” [England Football](